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Clinical Commissioning Groups are NHS organisations set up by the Health and Social Care Act 2012 following the 2010 White Paper, ‘Equity and Excellence: Liberating the NHS’ which stated the Government’s desire to create a health and care system that has the patient’s needs at the heart of it.
All CCGs had to go through an authorisation process, of which there were four waves between July and December 2012. Trafford was in the fourth wave and NHS Trafford Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) was formed on the 1 April 2013 and, to some extent, replaced Trafford Primary Care Trust (PCT) in organising the delivery of NHS services in the borough.
CCG’s are clinically (clinician) led meaning that GP’s, who see patients daily, now have a say in how health services are led; all of the 8,000 GP practices in England is now part of a CCG.
If you’re confused about the NHS structure and who does what, the King’s Fund explain it well in this alternative guide to the new NHS in England: http://vimeo.com/69224754.